Skin conditions and disorders
caused by fold crossings
From acne to cancer
Those odd spots and features on your skin are fold crossings.
You have often noticed fold crossings on your skin, but you didn't know what they were.
On this page
For cellulite, stretch marks and varicose veins, please go here.
The many faces of the fold crossing
Fold crossings are skin deformations by themselves.
As each one evolves, it will either;
• grow in size or
• become more and more compressed.
A mere dent on your skin, when you're a teen, may develop into an horrible deformation when you reach old age.
Fold crossings take different aspects because of their position on your body.
The skin may:
• form bumps or holes,
• change color,
• become thicker and harder.
Non-problematic and problematic fold crossings
Most fold crossings do not exhibit any cutaneous health problem.
They are only knots in your skin.
They can however, at any moment, develop into lesions and become infected.
Badly identified fold crossings -
The many names of the fold crossing
The thousands of folds on your body intersect and form thousands of fold crossings.
But, you've never identified them as fold crossings in the past.
Instead, you've given them one of the following names:
A fold crossing
is also known as a:
Node or nodule
Beauty spot or mark
Black or brown spot
Hair vertex or crown
All these cutaneous problems occur only at fold crossings.
You can see an evolution in the gravity of some problems.
Benign conditions develop into serious disorders.
Holes , bumps and spots in the skin
Many fold crossings deform the skin around them in an observable manner.
Holes, dents and cavities
You're not supposed to see holes or cavities in your skin.
Pores are very small and hardly noticeable.
All those enlarged openings on your skin are fold crossing chimneys.
Notice how the holes follow the path of underlying folds.
Since the tissue is badly compressed at each fold crossing, the skin around these openings is much harder than elsewhere.
You'll have to press your nail forcefully on them if you want to flatten them. However, the skin is so dense that it will easily resist your push.
These craters are not only hard, some of them are also quite deep.
Lumps and bumps in the skin
Just like cavities, protuberances are caused by underlying fold crossings.
However, cavities have an open chimney, while protuberances have their chimney sealed off by epidermis cells resulting from the wound healing process.
Beneath the mounds, you will find the meeting of two folds and its usual chimney.
But, the chimney is blocked and covered with living epidermis cells.
So, lumps and bumps represent a greater problem for your skin than holes and cavities.
Bodily wastes, such as sebum and sweat, have no exit and your body keeps on fighting their presence.
In most cases, the height and size of the protuberance will keep on increasing all your life.
Furthermore, some fold crossings will form a cap, an outgrowth, that is aesthetically displeasing.
Bumps and lumps in your skin aren't always visible, but you can find them easily with your super-sensitive fingertips.
Grooming away protuberances is simple, but takes considerable time.
All you have to do is position your nail or fingertip on the summit of any mound that you encounter and apply enough pressure to crush it down.
Repeat and repeat and repeat ...
You will be dealing with very hard skin.
It took years for your body to create and build-up these structures, so don't expect to flatten them in weeks or months.
Dark or pale spots on the skin
As explained on the Fold crossing theory page, fold crossings grows inwards.
The skin, refolded at the top, is gradually pulled down into the chimney, as it digs deeper and deeper.
Just like the astronomer's black holes, fold crossings attract large quantities of skin cells into their crater.
The skin gets locally thicker.
Having so many skin cell in one location can create a difference in color between the fold crossing and the neighboring cells.
People pay more attention to the more frequent brown and black spots, but the discoloration can go both ways; paler or darker.
Visible fold crossing
caused by the concentration of skin pigments (melanin) in one location.
When you press your nail on the center of one of those spots, you will feel either a hole or a protuberance.
That's because open fold crossings create cavities, while closed ones form bumps.
Repeatedly crushing those structures will open up the fold crossings, flatten the skin and gradually remove the coloration.
Open and closed fold crossings
Folds are grooves in the skin and fold crossings are the craters created when two folds intersect.
So, fold crossings are basically holes in your skin, that don't pierce it.
Fold crossings form skin caverns that store wastes
Most fold crossings form a hole or cave that deepens slowly all your life.
These cavities are made up of several deformed and compressed skin cells that are now oriented sideways, instead of facing upwards.
The bodily wastes that they produce (dead cells, sebum, sweat ...) are now expulsed inside the fold crossing.
They accumulate in this skin pouch and have a hard time finding their way out.
Open and closed chimneys
The opening at the top of most fold crossings remains open, but, in many cases, it has a tendency to contract and close.
But, for some fold crossings, the wound healing process (cutaneous scarring) at the skin’s surface can completely pave the opening with living epidermis cells.
The chimney becomes closed.
Your skin covers the opening of some fold crossings with epidermis cells as part of its wound healing process.
What kind of wastes accumulate inside a fold crossing depends on its position on your body.
Generally, it is a mix of dead epidermis cells and sebum.
You can expect the sebum content to be greater on your face, but it is spectacular on your scalp.
If the sebum content augments too much, the fold crossing will swell and possibly hurt a bit.
The chimney will also contain sweat, hair, cellular wastes and possibly some intruders you don't expect to find there.
These uninvited guests include whatever there was on the skin just prior to it being folded: food, cosmetics, dirt, ...
Blackheads and pimples are fold crossings.
Acne is generally found in regions of the body where sebaceous (sebum) glands abound, such as the face and back.
Blackheads and pimples are much too large elements to only involve a single follicle, gland or pore.
The images of overgrown sebum glands that dermatologists have invented don't make sense.
Blackheads and pimples involve a large number of cells, as anyone can visually attest.
Grooming shows that all blackheads and pimples are positioned at fold crossings.
Fold crossings serve as containers for blackheads and pimples.
Open fold crossing chimneys evacuate their wastes
Even when it is open, evacuating the chimney is difficult and awkward.
Since air can penetrate it, its content has a tendency to dry in place.
Wastes can leave an open chimney.
Further waste production pushes some out gradually.
Blackheads - A dried plug on the fold crossings
Sometimes, the very top of the chimney's content will dehydrate, forming a plug.
The top dries out and blocks the exit.
New wastes accumulate and compress behind it.
People know this phenomenon as a blackhead.
Sealed chimneys entrap their wastes
Since your skin considers fold crossings as wounds, its healing process will often pave the top of a crossing with fresh coats of cells.
The opening is blocked.
A capped and sealed chimney imprisons its contents.
Everything stays trapped in.
Epidermis formed at the surface
closes the chimney.
The encased deposits don't dry and may remain captive for life.
Pimples - Sealed fold crossings under pressure
If wastes, mainly sebum, continue to fill a sealed fold crossing; the internal pressure will increase.
The fold crossing will swell and the epidermis seal at its top will bubble up.
with its chimney
New sebum arrival creates pressure that curves the skin.
The rise in pressure on the fold crossing can also come from mechanical sources, such as repetitive movements or an increase in the body's size.
People know this phenomenon as a pimple.
Acne at adolescence
Your face is about six times more folded than your body is.
There are proportionally more sebum glands there, making their presence inside the crossings probable.
Your body's sudden size increase at adolescence tightens the grid of folds and fold crossings deeper into the skin.
This augmentation of your skin's tension has a strangling effect on the crossings.
As if they were pinched.
Trapped in wastes may infect the skin
When its exit is tightly closed, the pressure inside the fold crossing augments as more wastes arrive.
This stress may push the filling, not finding an exit, to attack its skin sheath at the bottom of the crossing.
The flesh is pierced.
The skin is perforated.
Some blood invades the chimney.
Your body is now fighting this invader.
Pus is formed.
A mixture of sebum, pus, serum and blood
Your body is now fighting an invasion and reacts.
Localized pain may appear or increase.
This infection usually produces more swelling.
The top of the crossing may bubble up and you sometimes force the content out manually.
The pimple may contains two types of white compounds, sebum and pus, and three types of liquids, serum (transparent), sweat (transparent) and blood (red).
Other times, the exit may be so far away or unreachable that everything is kept in.
This link with the immune system may lead to disease.
Fold crossings explain symmetrical acne locations
When I was in my teens, with acne all over the face, I was intrigued by the fact that new pimples often appeared in very similar positions on both sides of my face.
How could different glands, far away from each other, react and form pimples simultaneously?
The fact that these pimples were actually fold crossings explains it all; because the folds that are formed by facial expressions are similar on both sides of the face.
Fold crossings are deep cavities in the skin.
Their content is submitted to continuous pressure.
In addition to the above mentioned sebum, pus, serum, sweat and blood, a fold crossing may contain all kinds of compounds: cosmetics, food, soap, dead or sunburned skin cells, insect repellent, ...
These trapped wastes remain in place for years, but, if some crossings are submitted to sudden compressions, they tear the epidermis and penetrate into the dermis to slowly infect the skin.
The infection evolves with time, but it has no exit, so it spreads inwards.
This is a melanoma.
Notice the resemblance with the brown spot pictured higher up.
This theory works for all external types of cancers such as: skin cancers, breast cancers, anal cancers, mouth and throat cancers, ...
These cancers would be, in fact, fold crossing cancers.
Cancers occur in areas of the body where the skin is under more pressure than elsewhere (the melanoma pictured above is positioned between the eye and the ear).
The following observations have guided my thinking;
•The link between acne scars or moles and skin cancer is clearly documented and accepted by the scientific community.
•The lumps or nodules that triggered my grooming adventure are the kind described in breast cancer early detection tests and in prostate cancer rectal touch examinations.
•I am now experienced at seeing what fold crossings look like on my body and that of others. I have examined skin cancer photographs. Not only is the appearance of epithelioma or a melanoma similar to a crossing, their position on the body corresponds to major intersections on the grid of folds.