Skin conditions and disorders
caused by fold crossings
From acne to cancer
Those odd spots and features on your skin are fold crossings.
You have often noticed fold crossings on your skin, but you didn't know what they were.
The many faces of the fold crossing
Badly identified fold crossings
The thousands of folds on your body intersect and form thousands of fold crossings.
But, you've never identified them as fold crossings in the past.
Instead, you've given them one of the following names:
A fold crossing
is also known as a:
Node or nodule
Beauty spot or mark
Black or brown spot
Hair vertex or crown
These cutaneous problems occur mostly in the folds and their crossings.
You can observe an evolution in the gravity of some problems.
Benign conditions develop into serious disorders.
Fold crossings deform the skin
Your skin is criss-crossed by thousands of horizontal, vertical and diagonal folds.
Any fold will soon meet another and this creates hundreds of thousands of fold crossings.
The skin is badly distorted and mangled at fold crossings.
Two folds and one trouble spot; where they meet.
The folds on the piece of paper above has been formed only once, but those on your skin get folded-unfolded hundreds of times every day by your actions, positions and expressions.
Folds on both sides of your skin imperfections
You will find two or more folds in the skin surrounding any discoloration, blemish, bump or hole.
This mole in the back is located on the waist fold where it crosses a vertical fold.
This pimple has formed in a skin chimney created by the fold crossing.
When two folds intersect, they form a hole, a crater, a chimney, and this is where all kinds of skin conditions and defects develop.
The main types of skin defects
Your body treats fold crossings like injuries.
Open and closed fold crossing chimneys
Folds are grooves in the skin and fold crossings are the craters formed when two folds intersect. (See: Fold crossing theory)
Your system considers the crossings as injuries and it paves them with a fresh coat of epidermis cells to protect itself, anytime your movements challenge the skin too much.
Some fold crossings stay open, while others get covered by the process.
Your skin closes the opening of some fold crossings with epidermis cells as part of its wound healing process.
This leads to three types of skin deformations:
• Holes and cavities,
• Bumps and outgrowths,
• Spots and discolorations.
Holes, dents and cavities
You're not supposed to see holes or cavities in your skin.
Pores are very small and hardly noticeable.
If some pores on your skin have enlarged, it's because they are placed on the path of a fold or at a crossing.
Notice how the holes follow the path of underlying folds.
Enlarged pores are a joke.
How could the cells of a pore expand, harden and create a deep hole?
It's plain to see that several cells have been added to create the crater.
Those dents in your skin were pores originally, but they have been transformed because they were positioned on the path of the folds.
In fact, all fold crossings occur at pore or hair follicle locations because the skin is naturally open and depressed at those points.
Bumps and lumps in the skin
Just like cavities, protuberances are caused by underlying fold crossings.
However, cavities have an open chimney, while protuberances have their chimney sealed off by epidermis cells resulting from the wound healing process.
Bumps and lumps in your skin aren't always visible, but you can find them easily with your super-sensitive fingertips.
Beneath the mounds, you will find the meeting of two folds and its usual chimney.
But, the chimney is blocked and covered with living epidermis cells.
So, lumps and bumps represent a greater problem for your skin than holes and cavities.
Bodily wastes, such as sebum and sweat, have no exit and your body keeps on fighting their presence.
In most cases, the height and size of the protuberance will keep on increasing all your life.
Furthermore, some fold crossings form a cap, an outgrowth, that is aesthetically displeasing.
Dark or pale spots on the skin
As explained on the Fold crossing theory page, fold crossings grows inwards.
The skin, refolded at the top, is gradually pulled down into the chimney, as it digs deeper and deeper.
Just like the astronomer's black holes, fold crossings attract skin cells into their crater.
The skin gets locally thicker.
Having so many skin cell in one location can create a difference in color between the fold crossing and the neighboring cells.
Visible fold crossing
caused by the concentration of skin pigments (melanin) in one location.
People pay more attention to the more frequent brown and black spots, but the discoloration can go both ways; paler or darker.
How to groom away skin deformations
The only way to get rid of skin defects naturally is to crush them.
Grooming problematic cutaneous structures has not been fully tested at this point.
Go slowly, be cautious, and use your best judgment.
If the skin reacts; stop grooming the area until it heals and revise your technique.
Crushing skin problems
To remove holes, bumps, spots, ... you have to crush them repeatedly.
You will have to use your nail to do that and use pressure grooming techniques on them.
Removing skin deformations is no different than grooming any other fold crossing, but the challenge can be bigger.
As you crush the hardened structures over and over, you will feel the skin becoming gradually less tense and more malleable.
Near the center of any skin deformation, even if it now has a thick skin cover, there is a fold crossing.
You want to locate it and make it the center of your efforts.
Pain may be present when you press your nail on some cutaneous problems; don't let it stop you.
Since the tissue is badly compressed, the skin around these openings is much harder than elsewhere.
You'll have to press your nail forcefully on them if you want to flatten them. However, the skin is so dense that it will easily resist your push.
These craters are not only hard, most of them are also quite deep; so, try to reach the bottom of their chimney with your nail.
Grooming away protuberances is simple, but takes considerable time.
All you have to do is position your nail or fingertip on the summit of any mound that you encounter and apply enough pressure to crush it down.
Repeat and repeat and repeat ...
You will be dealing with very hard skin.
It took years for your body to create and build-up these structures, so don't expect to flatten them in weeks or months.
Find the center of the mound and press your nail on it to split the structure.
When you press your nail on the center of one of those spots, you will feel a hole, a depression.
That's because the skin has compressed inwards and it pulls the surrounding cells into the crater.
Repeatedly crushing those structures will open up the fold crossings, flatten the skin and gradually remove the coloration.
Work on areas that are larger than the visible portion of the spots.
Acne theory that doesn't make sense
We've all been explained that pimples and blackheads occur inside hair follicles.
Hair follicle anatomy demonstrating a healthy hair follicle, a whitehead or closed comedo and a blackhead or open comedo.
However, these illustrations don't correspond to my experience.
Many of my pimples and blackheads were much larger and their content was much greater than what could fit in a tiny hair follicle.
More over, some of my pimples and blackheads presented outgrowths in the form of a mound of flesh with a transparent bulging cap.
Immense sebaceous glands simply don't make sense.
The illustrations above may work for mild non-problematic acne, but many pimples and blackhead are formed inside a much bigger structure; a fold crossing.
Fold crossings serve as containers for blackheads and pimples.
Revised acne theory
Acne inside folds and crossings
Large pimples and blackheads develop inside folds and fold crossings.
The cutaneous folds and their crossings form caverns; empty spaces where bodily wastes can accumulate.
The hollow gap between the two flaps of skin becomes a sealed container where wastes accumulate.
Your system fights their presence
Your body already considers folds and their crossings as wounds.
It reacts even more to pimples and blackheads.
To protect itself, your skin produces extra epidermis cells to cover the gap and to strengthen the structure.
Bodily wastes accumulate inside
See the following chapter, below.
Acne at adolescence
Your face is about six times more folded than your body is.
There are proportionally more sebum glands there, making their presence inside the folds and their crossings probable.
Your body's sudden size increase at adolescence tightens your grid of folds deeper into your skin.
This augmentation of your skin's tension has a strangling effect on the crossings.
It's as if they were pinched.
Fold crossings explain symmetrical acne locations
When I was in my teens, with acne all over the face, I was intrigued by the fact that new pimples often appeared in very similar positions on both sides of my face.
How could different glands, far away from each other, react and form pimples simultaneously?
The fact that these pimples were actually fold crossings explains it all.
The folds that are formed by facial expressions are similar on both sides of the face.
Acne and trapped bodily wastes
Fold crossings form skin caverns that store wastes
Most fold crossings form a hole or cave that deepens slowly all your life.
These cavities are made up of several deformed and compressed skin cells that are now oriented sideways, instead of facing upwards.
The bodily wastes that they produce (dead cells, sebum, sweat ...) are now expelled inside the fold crossing.
They accumulate in this skin pouch and have a hard time finding their way out.
Acne is generally found in regions of the body where sebaceous (sebum) glands abound, such as the face and back.
What kind of wastes accumulate inside a fold crossing depends on its position on your body.
Generally, it is a mix of sebum, sweat and dead epidermis cells.
You can expect the sebum content to be greater on your face.
If the sebum content augments too much, the fold crossing can swell and possibly hurt a bit.
The chimney can also contain hair, cellular wastes and possibly some intruders you don't expect to find there.
These uninvited guests include whatever there was on the skin just prior to it being folded: food, cosmetics, dirt, ...
Acneic fold crossing evolution
Open fold crossing chimneys evacuate their wastes
Even when it is open, evacuating the chimney is difficult and awkward.
Since air can penetrate it, its content has a tendency to dry in place.
Wastes can leave an open chimney.
Further waste production pushes some out gradually.
Blackheads - A dried plug on the fold crossings
Sometimes, the very top of the chimney's content will dehydrate, forming a plug.
The top dries out and blocks the exit.
New wastes accumulate and compress behind it.
People know this phenomenon as a blackhead.
Sealed chimneys entrap their wastes
Since your skin considers fold crossings as wounds, its healing process will often pave the top of a crossing with fresh coats of cells.
The opening is blocked.
A capped and sealed chimney imprisons its contents.
Everything stays trapped in.
Epidermis formed at the surface
closes the chimney.
The encased deposits don't dry and may remain captive for life.
Pimples - Sealed fold crossings under pressure
If wastes, mainly sebum, continue to fill a sealed fold crossing; the internal pressure will increase.
The fold crossing will swell and the epidermis seal at its top will bubble up.
with its chimney
New sebum arrival creates pressure that curves the skin.
The rise in pressure on the fold crossing can also come from mechanical sources, such as repetitive movements or an increase in the body's size.
People know this phenomenon as a pimple.
Trapped in wastes may infect the skin
When its exit is tightly closed, the pressure inside the fold crossing augments as more wastes arrive.
This stress may push the filling, not finding an exit, to attack its skin sheath at the bottom of the crossing.
The flesh is pierced.
The skin is perforated.
Some blood invades the chimney.
Your body is now fighting this invader.
Pus is formed.
The skin cancer connection
Fold crossings are deep cavities in the skin.
Their content is submitted to continuous pressure.
In addition to the above mentioned sebum, pus, serum, sweat and blood, a fold crossing may contain all kinds of compounds: cosmetics, food, soap, dead or sunburned skin cells, insect repellent, ...
These trapped wastes remain in place for years, but, if some crossings are submitted to sudden compressions, they tear the epidermis and penetrate into the dermis to slowly infect the skin.
The infection evolves with time, but it has no exit, so it spreads inwards.
This is a melanoma.
Notice the resemblance with the brown spot pictured higher up.
This theory works for all external types of cancers such as: skin cancers, breast cancers, anal cancers, mouth and throat cancers, ...
These cancers would be, in fact, fold crossing cancers.
Cancers occur in areas of the body where the skin is under more pressure than elsewhere (the melanoma pictured above is positioned between the eye and the ear).
The following observations have guided my thinking;
•The link between acne scars or moles and skin cancer is clearly documented and accepted by the scientific community.
•The lumps in my skin or nodules that triggered my grooming adventure are the kind described in breast cancer early detection tests and in prostate cancer rectal touch examinations.
•I am now experienced at seeing what fold crossings look like on my body and that of others. I have examined skin cancer photographs. Not only is the appearance of epithelioma or a melanoma similar to a crossing, their position on the body corresponds to major intersections on the grid of folds.