by Daniel Laberge
Human grooming

Human evolution

• All dates are approximate.

• Based on recent scientific knowledge and theories.

The evidence

Sahelanthropus tchadensis

© Didier Descouens

Sahelanthropus tchadensis

Sahelanthropus tchadensis

© Mateuszica

DATE

About 7 million years ago

REGION

Djurab desert of Chad

CHARACTERISTICS

Orrorin tugenensis

© Lucius

Orrorin tugenensis

DATE

Between 6.2 and 5.6 million years ago

REGION

Tugen hills of Kenya

CHARACTERISTICS

Ardipithecus ramidus

© T. Michael Keesey

Ardipithecus ramidus

Ardipithecus ramidus

© Jason Sannar

DATE

About 4.4 million years ago

REGION

Middle Awash river valley, Ethiopia

CHARACTERISTICS

Australopithecus afarensis

© Patrick Bürgler

Australopithecus afarensis

Australopithecus afarensis

© 1997

DATE

Between 3.7 and 2.9 million years ago

REGION

Northern Africa

CHARACTERISTICS

Paranthropus boisei

© Guérin Nicolas

Paranthropus boisei

Paranthropus boisei

© Lillyundfreya

DATE

Between 2.7 and 0.8 million years ago

REGION

Northern Africa

CHARACTERISTICS

Homo habilis

© J-M Benito Álvarez

Homo habilis

Homo habilis

© Lillyundfreya

DATE

Between 2.3 and 1.4 million years ago

REGION

East Africa

CHARACTERISTICS

Homo ergaster

© ?

Homo ergaster

Homo ergaster

© flowcomm

DATE

Between 2.2 and 1.5 million years ago

REGION

Eastern and southern Africa

CHARACTERISTICS

Homo erectus

© Thomas Roche

Homo erectus

Homo erectus

© Ryan Somma

DATE

Between 1,800,000 and 200,000 years ago

REGION

Migrated to the Old World from Africa

CHARACTERISTICS

Homo heidelbergensis

© Ryan Somma

Homo heidelbergensis

Homo heidelbergensis

© J-M Benito Álvarez

DATE

Between 600,000 and 300,000 years ago

REGION

Out of Africa and into Asia and Europe

CHARACTERISTICS

Homo neanderthalensis

© ?

Homo neanderthalensis

Homo neanderthalensis

© grapitix

DATE

Between 500,000 and 22,000 years ago

REGION

Europe, Western and Central Asia

CHARACTERISTICS

Homo floresiensis

© Ryan Somma

Homo floresiensis

Homo floresiensis

© Ryan Somma

DATE

Between 200,000 and 12,000 years ago

REGION

Island of Flores, Indonesia

CHARACTERISTICS

Homo sapiens sapiens

© ixo/Moa

Homo sapiens sapiens

Homo sapiens sapiens

© Leonardo da Vinci

DATE

From 200,000 years ago to now

REGION

Originated in Africa

CHARACTERISTICS

What the names mean

WORD

MEANING

Anthrop...

Human

Pithecus

Ape, monkey

Wasted diversity

They were all humans because they all walked on two feet.