One eighth note,
one quarter note,
one eighth note
two eighth notes,
one eighth note rest,
one eighth note
This figure includes a syncopation.
Syncopations are related to rhythmical weights.
To understand them, let's first make the distinction between upbeats and syncopations. Perform the following rhythm which contains only notes on the upbeats.
Now, lengthen each note so that the sound is sustained up to the next one.
As you can see, the second part of each note is marked by the fall of the following beat, especially since your foot hits at the same moment.
You experience a syncopation when, having started a sound on a weak rhythmic position, you feel the following strong position accentuating it.
The syncopated note can be represented in two manners:
•As two separate portions, tied together.
•As a single grouped value.
Separated syncopated note
Grouped syncopated note
Since rhythm is supposed to be written beat by beat, the grouped notation violates this rule.
In addition, syncopated notes necessarily have to be separated in order to cross the barline.
Syncopation is a very recent event in human evolution.
Even if some can be found in medieval music and before, it is in the twentieth century that syncopation has known its phenomenal development.
A: Start by doing this rhythm, using the syllable "Ta".
B: Remove the "T" from the third "Ta".
C: Hold the second "Ta".
Press the "Play" button on any of the three players below to hear this exercise performed: •Slowly •At medium speed •Fast
This exercise is written three different ways.
The first two give identical results. Some notes are shorter in the third. Note: there are no syncopations in the third version.